Authors Guidelines

  1. Home
  2. Authors Guidelines

Authors Guidelines

Spelling Rules

 You can submit your articles by entering your e-mail address and password through the “Submit Manuscript” link on the main page: (use the drop-down box to select your language preference). You will be notified by email to your registered address when all referee comments are available. You may then review the referee comments through the same link. 

PLEASE NOTE: because you are allowed to edit the corrections one time only, you must wait until all referees submit their comments before editing your corrections.


Provide the complete names of all authors as they should appear in the published work. One of the authors should be designated as the corresponding author. It is the corresponding author's responsibility to ensure that the author list, and the individual contributions to the study are accurate and complete. If the article has been submitted on behalf of a consortium, all consortium members and their affiliations should be listed after the Acknowledgements section.


Authors' affiliations must include the full mailing addresses for correspondence, including e.g., institutional affiliation (e.g. university, institute), street address or post office box number, city, state/province (when applicable), and country.


The content in the articles should be as follows: Turkish title, English title, Turkish abstract and keywords, English abstract and keywords, English extended abstract (just for Turkish articles and should be 10% of all text), main text, conclusion, bibliography, and appendices if any (maps, figures, etc.). 



Abstracts should be no more than 200-word long. Should be in Turkish and English languages.

Up to seven (7) keywords, in alphabetical order and separated by commas, should be included in the text following the abstract. Keywords must be different than what already appears in the title.


Body Text

a) Use American or British English and articles must be typed in Microsoft Word program and page structures should be organized as follows:

Page Size

A4 vertical

Top Margin

3 cm

Bottom Margin

3 cm

Left Margin

3 cm

Right Margin

3 cm

Fisrt line of each paragraph

1 cm

Block quotations (right and left)

1 cm


Times New Roman

Font Type Style


Size of Normal Text


Size of Abstract


Size of Block Quotations


Size of Foot Note


Space Between Paragraphs

Before 0 nk, after 6 nk

Space Between Lines



b) Page numbers, details such as headers and footers must not be included in the articles.

c) The main Turkish title must be written in capital, bold letters and the English title must be written in lowercase, bold and italic. Subtitles should be written in lower case, except the first letters. Titles should be numbered except for entry, result and bibliography.

d) For Turkish word spelling, punctuation and abbreviations, the most recent edition of Turkish Language Society Spelling Dictionary should be used.

e) The articles must prepared on the basis of The Chicago Manual of Style(17th Edition, Notes and Bibliography) citation rules:



General Model for Citing Books in the Chicago Notes and Bibliography System

Footnote (N):

First name Last name, Title of Book (Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication), page number.


Corresponding Bıbliographical Entry (B):

Last name, First name. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.





Godfrey Goodwin, A history of Ottoman Architecture (London: Thames & Hudson Press, 2003), 65.  



Goodwin, Godfrey. A history of Ottoman Architecture. London: Thames & Hudson Press, 2003.




Two or more authors should be listed in the order they appear as authors, and not necessarily alphabetically.



Maria Georgopoulou and Konstantinos Thanasakis, Ottoman Athens: Topography, Archaeology, History (Athens: Piraeus, 2019), 109-11.



Georgopouloui Maria and Konstantinos Thanasakis. Ottoman Athens: Topography, Archaeology, History. Athens: Piraeus, 2019.





Julio Cortázar, Hopscotch, trans. Gregory Rabassa (New York: Pantheon Books, 1966), 15.



Cortázar, Julio. Hopscotch. Translated by Gregory Rabassa. New York: Pantheon Books, 1966.



In notes, CMOS prefers the abbreviation of “editor(s)” as “ed.” or “eds.,” and translator(s) as “trans.” In bibliographic entries, these abbreviations are not used. Instead, titles are spelled out in full. 



Edward B. Tylor, Researches into the Early Development of Mankind and the Development of Civilization, ed. Paul Bohannan (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964), 194.



Tylor, Edward B. Researches into the Early Development of Mankind and the Development of Civilization. Edited by Paul Bohannan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.



CMOS supplies two correct forms for bibliographic entries. Both are noted here.



Halil Inalcik, “The Rise of the Ottoman Empire,” in The Central Islamic lands in the Ottoman Period (London: Cambridge University Press, 1977), 295.  



Inalcik, Halil. “The Rise of the Ottoman Empire.” In The Central Islamic lands in the Ottoman Period, 293-323. London: Cambridge University Press, 1977. 



When citing work by a single author that appears in a book with multiple authors, the contributing author’s name is cited first, followed by the title of their contribution, the word 'in' and the title of the book, along with the name(s) of the editors, and other standard information.



Nenad Moačanin, “Land Occupation and Types of Landholding in The Sancak of Klis (1537 – 1714),” in The Balkans A View of Demography and Economics History, ed. Marijan Premović (Lyon: Livre de Lyon, 2020), 115.    



Moačanin, Nenad. “Land Occupation and Types of Landholding in The Sancak of Klis (1537 – 1714).” In The Balkans A View of Demography and Economics History, edited by Marijan Premović, 109-123. Lyon: Livre de Lyon, 2020.



Unlike other citations for books, bibliographic entries of this kind include the page number range for the part cited. 




Steven Pinker, introduction to What is Your Dangerous Idea?, ed. John Brockman (New York: Harper Perennial, 2007), xxv.



Pinker, Steven. Introduction to What is Your Dangerous Idea?, xxiii-xxxiii. Edited by John Brockman. New York: Harper Perennial, 2007.



Sources that have no known author or editor should be cited by title. Follow the basic format for "Footnote or Endnote" and "Corresponding Bibliographical Entry" that are exemplified above, omitting author and/or editor names and beginning respective entries with the title of the source.



Because authors are generally expected to be intimately familiar with the sources they are citing, Chicago discourages the use of a source that was cited within another (secondary) source. In the case that an original source is utterly unavailable, however, Chicago requires the use of "quoted in" for the note:



Ian Hacking, The Social Construction of What? (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999), 103, quoted in Manuel DeLanda, A New Philosophy of Society (New York: Continuum, 2006), 2.




Books published by the author should be cited according to information available on the title page or copyright page. In place of publisher, include language such as “self-published” (abbreviated as “self-pub” in notes, but not a bibliography) or “printed by the author” is usually appropriate. For self-published e-books, add the name of the application or device required to read the book or the name of the file format, or both.



Kathleen Long, Chasing Rainbows: A Novel (self-pub., CreateSpace, 2011).



Long, Kathleen. Chasing Rainbows: A Novel. Self-published, CreateSpace, 2011.



Periodicals include print journals, electronic journals, magazines, and newspapers. Citations for these sources should include enough information for the reader to find them  in a library or a database, and as such, publication dates are essential. Magazines and newspapers are typically serialized by day, month, and year; journals include volume, year, month, or season and issue number.



Notes and bibliographic entries for a journal include the following: full name of the author(s), article title, journal title, and issue information. Issue information refers to volume, issue number, month, year, and page number(s). For online works, retrieval information and the date of access are also included.

Author Name:

Notes include the author’s name as listed in the article. Bibliographic entries, however, invert the author’s name (last name, first name).

Article Title:

Both notes and bibliographies use quotation marks to set off the titles of articles within the journal.

Journal Title:

Journal titles may omit an initial “The” but should otherwise be given in full, capitalized (headline-style), and italicized.

Issue Information:

The volume number follows the journal title with no punctuation and is not italicized. The issue number (if it is given) is separated from the volume number with a comma and is preceded by “no.” The year appears in parentheses after the volume number (or issue number if given). The year may be preceded by a specific date, month, or season if given. Page information follows the year. For notes, page number(s) refer only to the cited material; the bibliography includes the first and last pages of the article.



Susan Peck MacDonald, “The Erasure of Language,” College Composition and Communication 58, no. 4 (2007): 619.


MacDonald, Susan Peck. “The Erasure of Language.” College Composition and Communication 58, no. 4 (2007): 585-625.



Citing electronic journals generally follows the same format for printed periodicals, which is explained in the Journals section. Additionally, entries include the DOI or URL (DOIs are preferred). The date accessed is not required by CMOS for citations of formally published electronic sources. If an access date is required for other reasons (i.e. by discipline, publisher, or instructor), the access date should be included immediately prior to the DOI or URL. If included, access dates should be separated by commas in notes or periods in bibliographical entries.



Even if weekly or monthly magazines are numbered by volume or issue, they are cited by date only. When following the CMOS Note and Bibliography style, the year is presented as shown in the examples below. When following the CMOS Author-Date style, the date is essential to the citation and it is not enclosed in parentheses.


Page Numbers:
Citations for journal articles may include a specific page number. Inclusive page numbers for the entire article are often omitted in bibliographical entries, however, because the pages of the article are often separated by many pages of unrelated material. If page numbers are included, they should follow the date and be preceded by a colon.


Henry E. Bent, “Professionalization of the Ph.D. Degree,” College Composition and Communication 58, no. 4 (2007): 141, accessed December 4, 2017,


Bent, Henry E. "Professionalization of the Ph.D. Degree.” College Composition and Communication 58, no. 4 (2007): 0-145. Accessed December 4, 2017.



Notes and bibliographic entries for newspapers should include the following: name of the author (if listed), headline or column heading, newspaper name, month (often abbreviated), day, and year. Since issues may include several editions, page numbers are usually omitted. If an online edition of a newspaper is consulted, the URL should be added at the end of the citation. Time stamps may be appropriate to include when stories for unfolding events are modified.

Names of Newspapers:

If the name of a newspaper begins with “The,” this word is omitted. For American newspapers that are not well-known, a city name should be added along with the newspaper title (see below). Additionally, a state abbreviation may be added in parentheses after the city name.

News Services:

News services, such as the Associated Press or the United Press International, are capitalized but not italicized and often appear in the author position of the citation.


Headlines may be capitalized using “headline style,” in which all major words are capitalized. Although many major newspapers prefer sentence style, the CMOS recommends headline style for consistency among various types of cited sources. Headlines presented entirely in full capital letters in the original are usually converted to headline-style upper and lower case in the citation.


Regular Columns:

If a regular column is cited, the column name may be included with the article title.


Editorials, Letters to the Editor, and Readers’ Comments:

Published editorials and letters to the editor should be treated generically, usually without headlines. Instead of a title, use “letter to the editor” [14.196].

Citing in Text:

Newspapers are more often cited in notes or parenthetical references than in bibliographies. If newspaper sources are carefully documented in the text, they need not be cited in the bibliography.



Nisha Deo, “Visiting Professor Lectures on Photographer,” Exponent (West Lafayette, IN), Feb. 13, 2009.


Deo, Nisha. “Visiting Professor Lectures on Photographer.” Exponent (West Lafayette, IN), Feb. 13, 2009.



Notes and bibliographic entries for public documents, like other documents, should include the elements needed to locate the items.


Theses and Dissertations

Thesis and dissertation titles appear in quotation marks, not in italics, but are cited in all other ways like books. Include name, title, type of document, academic institution, and date, in that order. If the item was found online, include a URL or DOI (see guidelines for citing online sources).


Tara Hostetler, “Bodies at War: Bacteriology and the Carrier Narratives of ‘Typhoid Mary’” (master’s thesis, Florida State University, 2007), 15-16.



Hostetler, Tara. "Bodies at War: Bacteriology and the Carrier Narratives of ‘Typhoid Mary.’” Master’s thesis, Florida State University, 2007.



If the work will be used for the second time in the footnote must used shotr notes. The short notes include only the author’s last name, the source title, and the page number(s) of the cited passage.

First used:

Stephen Covey, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. (New York: Free Press, 1989), 75–89.

Second used:

Covey, 7 Habits, 75–7.



NOT: For more details see:  The Chicago Manual of Style 17th version