Osmanlı Mirası Araştırmaları Dergisi (OMAD) ISSN: (Online) 2148-5704 (Print)

Yıl:2019 Cilt: 6  Sayı: 15  Alan: Tarih / History

HASAN BARLAK
IMPROVEMENTS AND PUBLIC WORKS IN THE HIJAZ PROVINCE “THE RULE OF SULTAN ABDULHAMID II”, pp. 329-351
 
The Ottoman restructuring process that began in the first half of the 19th century continued without pausing during the rule of Sultan Abdülhamid II. He waged a significant struggle to develop the empire through the reform and renovation activities that he carried out across the country. The Hijaz has a special place among the provinces that the Sultan focused on for investment. Mecca, where the Hajj as one of the main worships of Islam is performed, used to be visited by tens of thousands of Muslims each year. Serving Haramayn was already an Ottoman state tradition. However, the new developments around the world led Abdülhamid II, the caliphate-sultan, to attribute a special importance to the Hijaz. The Sultan wanted to ensure that the people who come to the Hijaz leave it with positive impressions and thus to secure the support to the all of Muslims. Through his activities in Haramayn, Abdülhamid II also targeted to bring a more Ottoman character to the Hijaz. During his thirty-three years of rule, many and various innovations and improvements in the Hijaz from administrative initiatives and training activities to investments of transportation and communication and health services were implemented and significant efforts were made for developing the province. The Hamidiye-Hijaz Railway has a special place among the investments made in the region. Other than that, many services were carried out in the Hijaz like new governmental buildings, hospitals, schools, waterways, security units and a guesthouse for poor pilgrims, and a great effort was taken to improve the province.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Abdülhamid II, Haramayn, Improvements, Public Works, Hijaz Railway

http://dx.doi.org/10.17822/omad.2019.129

IMPROVEMENTS AND PUBLIC WORKS IN THE HIJAZ PROVINCE “THE RULE OF SULTAN ABDULHAMID II”, pp. 329-351
 
The Ottoman restructuring process that began in the first half of the 19th century continued without pausing during the rule of Sultan Abdülhamid II. He waged a significant struggle to develop the empire through the reform and renovation activities that he carried out across the country. The Hijaz has a special place among the provinces that the Sultan focused on for investment. Mecca, where the Hajj as one of the main worships of Islam is performed, used to be visited by tens of thousands of Muslims each year. Serving Haramayn was already an Ottoman state tradition. However, the new developments around the world led Abdülhamid II, the caliphate-sultan, to attribute a special importance to the Hijaz. The Sultan wanted to ensure that the people who come to the Hijaz leave it with positive impressions and thus to secure the support to the all of Muslims. Through his activities in Haramayn, Abdülhamid II also targeted to bring a more Ottoman character to the Hijaz. During his thirty-three years of rule, many and various innovations and improvements in the Hijaz from administrative initiatives and training activities to investments of transportation and communication and health services were implemented and significant efforts were made for developing the province. The Hamidiye-Hijaz Railway has a special place among the investments made in the region. Other than that, many services were carried out in the Hijaz like new governmental buildings, hospitals, schools, waterways, security units and a guesthouse for poor pilgrims, and a great effort was taken to improve the province.

Keywords: Abdülhamid II, Haramayn, Improvements, Public Works, Hijaz Railway

http://dx.doi.org/10.17822/omad.2019.129

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