Osmanlı Mirası Araştırmaları Dergisi (OMAD) ISSN: (Online) 2148-5704 (Print)

Yıl:2019 Cilt: 6  Sayı: 16  Alan: Sanat Tarihi / Art History

Roxana COMAN
ACCULTURATION THROUGH MIGRATION IN THE ROMANIAN COUNTRIES: OTTOMAN PRODUCTS AND SOCIAL CHANGE, pp. 487-495
 
A visit in a few Romanian museums and collections would outline the diversity and numbers of artefacts from the Near East and the Ottoman Empire present in Romania. It is a well-known fact that Ottoman objects can be found in the Romanian countries starting from the 15th and 16th centuries, and this process of acculturation was intensified during the 18th century, mostly due to the Phanariot regime. 18th century local elite from Wallachia and Moldavia used various Ottoman objects: clothing, furniture, smoking paraphernalia (hookahs and Ottoman smoking pipes), jewelry, weapons, and so on. Moreover, they did so in an effort to belong, to become one with the Ottoman elite. By using similar clothing and importing various customs, Wallachian and Moldavian local elite manifested its desire to belong, and in the same time, its prestige because the Ottoman objects were internalized and they introduced new social norms in their society. For example, the clothes were a sign of social and political rank because the boyars were divided into three distinct classes, and the rank was signaled by their appearance. This paper aims to address the social changes produced by the imported goods from the Ottoman Empire brought by Armenian, Bulgarian, Turkish and Greek merchants during the fairs held in Bucharest and in Yassi.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Romanian, Ottoman Empire, social change, Balkans, migration

http://dx.doi.org/10.17822/omad.2019.137

ACCULTURATION THROUGH MIGRATION IN THE ROMANIAN COUNTRIES: OTTOMAN PRODUCTS AND SOCIAL CHANGE, pp. 487-495
 
A visit in a few Romanian museums and collections would outline the diversity and numbers of artefacts from the Near East and the Ottoman Empire present in Romania. It is a well-known fact that Ottoman objects can be found in the Romanian countries starting from the 15th and 16th centuries, and this process of acculturation was intensified during the 18th century, mostly due to the Phanariot regime. 18th century local elite from Wallachia and Moldavia used various Ottoman objects: clothing, furniture, smoking paraphernalia (hookahs and Ottoman smoking pipes), jewelry, weapons, and so on. Moreover, they did so in an effort to belong, to become one with the Ottoman elite. By using similar clothing and importing various customs, Wallachian and Moldavian local elite manifested its desire to belong, and in the same time, its prestige because the Ottoman objects were internalized and they introduced new social norms in their society. For example, the clothes were a sign of social and political rank because the boyars were divided into three distinct classes, and the rank was signaled by their appearance. This paper aims to address the social changes produced by the imported goods from the Ottoman Empire brought by Armenian, Bulgarian, Turkish and Greek merchants during the fairs held in Bucharest and in Yassi.

Keywords: Romanian, Ottoman Empire, social change, Balkans, migration

http://dx.doi.org/10.17822/omad.2019.137

Tam MetinDetay